Last updated in May 2017
Unlike trade with sub-Saharan Africa as a whole (including Sudan and South Sudan), which shrank by 2.4 percent in 2014, trade with Tanzania developed positively. The past decade saw dynamic growth in bilateral trade between Germany and Tanzania, with the volume of trade reaching a record level in 2012. Since 2010, however, bilateral trade has been stagnating and totalled 286 million euros in 2015. During that year, Germany imported goods worth 166 million euros from Tanzania, and exported goods worth 120 million euros to Tanzania.
In 2014, traditional industrial products accounted once again for the largest share (50 percent) of Tanzanian imports from Germany (86 million euros). Other imports included grain (11 million euros), optical/photographic goods (9.4 million euros) and electrical engineering products (8.3 million euros). Imports of motor vehicles remained modest at 8.3 million euros.
In 2016, Germany’s main exports to Tanzania consisted of machinery, agricultural produce and game, chemical products and data processing equipment. German imports from Tanzania in the same year included primarily agricultural produce and game, ores, miscellaneous goods, food products and animal feeds.
Tanzania has long been one of Germany’s principal development cooperation partners in sub-Saharan Africa. German development cooperation commitments totalled 158.5 billion euros from 2015 to 2017, according to the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). Other assistance includes government grants for development cooperation measures conducted by German churches, non-governmental organisations and political foundations. Bilateral cooperation focuses on health care, water supply and sanitation, as well as biodiversity. This aid is complemented by a renewable energy support scheme and a programme aimed at strengthening good governance, which is co-funded by the European Union and Switzerland, with the main partner being the Accountant General’s Department of the Tanzanian Ministry of Finance and Planning. German development cooperation also supports regional integration in the East African Community (EAC) through advisory services provided by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) and through financial cooperation measures implemented by the Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW) with a focus on the health care sector. Another project funded by Germany was the construction of the new EAC headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania, which was completed in 2012. Germany has also been represented at the East African Community by its bilateral ambassador since 2011. Germany is the EAC’s first and largest donor, with contributions so far totalling 213 million euros, which, among other things, financed the EAC headquarters building in Arusha. To help strengthen this dynamic regional intergovernmental organisation, Germany provides assistance to the EAC Secretariat and advises it on the creation of the Common Market and the Customs Union as well as on preparations for the Monetary Union. In 2015, Germany pledged a further 67 million euros to support these activities.
Bilateral cultural relations focus on academic exchange, cultural preservation projects and the promotion of school and popular sport in Tanzania. A lighthouse project in academic cooperation is the Tanzanian-German Centre for Eastern African Legal Studies at the University of Dar es Salaam, which is operated in partnership with the University of Bayreuth. The Goethe-Institut in Dar es Salaam offers language courses and cultural programmes, giving it a high profile in the city. The 2016-2017 exhibition on the German colonial era at the German Historical Museum was mounted in cooperation with the National Museum and National Archives of Tanzania in Dar es Salaam. There are numerous church, school and university partnerships as well as town and city twinning arrangements, including Eckernförde/Tanga, Hamburg/Dar es Salaam, Tübingen/Moshi, Würzburg/Mwanza, Kiel/Moshi and, since 2017, Potsdam/Zanzibar.
This text is intended as a source of basic information. It is regularly updated. No liability can be accepted for the accuracy or completeness of its contents.